London is continually in redevelopment, and these days archaeological surveys form an important part of any demolition or construction process. More and more evidence of Roman and other periods of occupation is being continually discovered, and contributes to our increasing our understanding of this period of London’s past.  

In recent times, the development of the new Bloomberg building on the banks of the river Walbrook, had unearthed an astonishing collection of over 20,000 artefacts alone. Roman remains are now being used a prominent feature of new buildings and made into show pieces, many to open to the public, rather than being destroyed or simply reburied as had previously happened.

Today there are several sections of the city wall and many other Roman structures that have been discovered and preserved. Some are freely accessible to the public, whilst others that are located within private buildings, and so require permission to visit in them person, or may be visited during certain events though out the year, such as Open House London weekend in September.

Below is a comprehensive list of all the Roman structural remains located within the City of London. Having now visited most all of them, I am slowly posting detailed articles for each site on this blog.

Where to see the Roman City Wall

Surviving sections of the Roman city walls can be found in the following locations…

City Wall, Tower Hill, LondonTrinity Place
Tower Hill, London, EC3N 4DJ
The most accessible, and one of the largest sections of city wall.
Located right outside Tower Hill tube station.
Blog post
Tower Hill Underground Station
Tower Hill, London, EC3N 4DJ
A small part of Roman wall is exposed in a recess on the west-bound platform.
Blog post
Citizen M Hotel (Public / Private)
Tower Hill, London, EC3N 4DJ
Inner face of Roman wall visible along with replica tomb stones.
Blog post
Electricity Sub-Station (Private)
The Crescent
Outer face of Roman Wall in basement
Roman Wall at Cooper's RowCooper’s Row
8-14 Coopers Row, London, EC3N 4DJ
The most accessible, and one of the largest sections of city wall.
Blog post
One America Square (Private)
Long section of the base of the wall featured in conference centre
Blog post
Emperor House (Private)
Large part of Wall including the foundations of one of the later bastions.
Currently inaccessible due to the redevelopment of the site.
Blog post
Roman Wall House (Private)
Large section of Wall previously in the basement of night club.
Currently inaccessible due to the redevelopment of the site.
Blog post
Sir John Cass College (Private)
The Three Tuns Pub (Private)
36 Jewry Street, London, EC3N 2ET
Roman wall visible in beer cellar.
Blog post
All Hallows-on-the-Wall (Private)
Small section of stonework visible on basement wall. The vestry sits on a Roman bastion and follows the same semi-circular footprint.
London Wall Car Park (Private)
Large section of Roman wall in the depths of this underground car park.
Cripplegate
Ruins of mostly medieval walls with some Roman elements.
West Gate of Roman Fort (Restricted)
The foundations of the west gate of the Fort, accessible via tours from the neighbouring Museum of London.
Noble Street
Ruins of mostly medieval walls with some Roman elements.
Newgate Street (Private)
Section of Roman wall and bastion featured within building.
Old Bailey (Private)
Section of Roman wall in basement corridor

Where to see other Roman structures

Roman River Wall
Tower of London
Roman Bath House (Restricted)
101 Lower Thames Street, London EC3R 6DL
Open at various times in the year by the Museum of London
Mithras Temple (Booking Required)
Bloomberg SPACE, 12 Walbrook, EC4N 8AA
Superb sounds and light show with fascinatingcollection of artefacts found on site hosted in the new Bloomberg building.
Roman Forum (Private)
90 Gracechurch Street, London EC3V 0DN
Foundation of arch showcased in basement of Hairdressers shop.
Amphitheatre
Guildhall Yard, London, EC2V 5AE
Superbly presented remains of amphitheatre accessible as part of Guildhall Art Gallery.
Mosaic Floor (Private)
Bank of England, Threadneedle Street
At foot of spiral stair case the 2nd century mosaic was found on site during rebuilding works in 1925-39.
Tessellated Pavement
All Hallows by the Tower
Domestic floor and small collection of Roman artefacts in crypt of the City’s oldest church.
Roman wooden embankment pile
St. Magnus the Martyr, Lower Thames Street
Wooden pile from Roman Embankment under bell tower. Information panel up on high-level walkway over street.
The London Stone
Cannon Street
Possibly of Roman origin. Cleaned and rehoused in new display panel in 2019.

Where to see Roman artefacts

In addition to the structural remains listed above, there have been thousands of Roman artefacts found over the last few centuries, and more continue to be discovered each year as part of archaeological digs during the reconstruction work that continues apace across the City of London.

The best place to see these artefacts are: